Using the Image ClassΒΆ

In this exercise, we will learn how to use images. ICL provides two different types of image classes: ImgBase is an abstract base class for images. It provides all image information except for the actual image pixels. ImgBase is derived by the Img-template class, whose template parameter determines the pixel data type. Most ICL classes are able to handle arbitrary pixel-types, i.e. images of type ImgBase.

In this example we’ll give only a very simple overview that allows us to use the image classes in the next steps of the tutorial. As soon as we need more advanced features of the image class, we will introduce them.

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#include <ICLCore/Img.h>
#include <ICLQt/Quick.h>

int main(){
   // create an empty image with byte pixels
   Img8u byteImage;

   // create float image with VGA size with 3-channel RGB-format
   Img32f floatImage(Size(640,480),formatRGB);

   // set all pixels of channel 0 to 255
   std::fill(floatImage.begin(0),floatImage.end(0),255);

   // assign a demo image to 'floatImage' (the parrot-image is too
   // large for now, so we scale it's size by factor 0.3)
   floatImage = scale(create("parrot"),0.3);

   // convert the float image into the former byteImage
   // the byte image is adapted automatically
   floatImage.convert(&byteImage);
   
   // create a shallow copy of 'byteImage'
   Img8u byteImage2 = byteImage;

   // byteImage2 and byteImage now share their image data, so
   // changes on byteImage2s pixel-data will also effect the pixel-data
   // of byteImage. The image can be made independent by doing this:
   byteImage.detach();
   
   // now lets access the image pixels for a simple thresholding application
   // note: the image pixel data is organized channel-wise as independend 
   // row-major ordered data blocks 
   for(int c=0;c<byteImage.getChannels();++c){
      for(int x=0;x<byteImage.getWidth();++x){
         for(int y=0;y<byteImage.getHeight();++y){
            byteImage(x,y,c) = 255 * (byteImage(x,y,c)>128);
         } 
      }
   }

   // finally, we want to see the result
   show(byteImage);
}
shadow

Note

the image is still in RGB colorspace. The value domain of each channel is restricted to {0,255}.